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Wood finishing is the process in which you protect a wooden surface, and enhance the look of the wood. All wood needs to be protected when manufactured to prevent damage from moisture, discolouration, and to make it easier to clean, sanitize, and touch. There are many different types of wood finishes on the market that you can buy, and each kind has distinct advantages and disadvantages, and will effect the wood structure and look differently.

 

Planning Your Wood Finishing Technique

 

When thinking ahead about your wood finishing technique you need to keep in mind how you want the wood to look, how well it will perform in its typical usage, and that the finish you are using meets environmental and health requirements. You also need to make sure that the wood itself is prepared properly for the type of finish you are going to use. For example. different types of wood finishes will require you to sand the wood to a certain grit. In addition, certain types of wood finishes may only be easily applied to certain shapes of surfaces, joints, or edges.

Another consideration is to think about the type or species of wood you are using, and which finishes are specifically engineered to compliment and work with that wood species. For example, many exotic woods tend to be very oily and produce a lot of natural surface oil and so you will need a finish that compensates for that. Another example is the popular use of Maple, which is better served with clear or light finishes rather than a dark stain or colour as the pore structure of this species tends to lead to a blotchy surface.

You should also consider if you need particular features of a wood finish for the type of woodworking project that you are doing. For example if you are creating a countertop or chopping board you will need a food-safe wood finish. If you are finishing a wooden fence in a sunny part of the world then you might need a finish with UV protection. If you are finishing a wooden floor in a high-traffic area then you will want a highly-durable finish that is spot-repairable so that you don’t have to re-do the entire surface as frequently.

Lastly, it is an important consideration to remember moisture content in the wood itself, and in the environment it is in. Think of wood as a living creature that is affected by the amount of water it gets. Changes in wood moisture content will cause the wood to swell and shrink, which will warp the wood overtime and can cause cracks in certain types of wood finishes. Consider using a wood finish that is micro-porous and breathes and moves with the wood’s natural movements to avoid the cracking or damaging of the finish (all Osmo finishes meet these requirements). The swelling and shrinking of wood is an inevitable process, but its effects can be mitigated by using a woof finish that compliments this process and by limiting the storage of wood outdoors where the changes in moisture will be more dramatic.

 

Products Featured in This Article

  • Osmo Polyx-Oil 3043

    Polyx®-Oil

    $2.00$650.00
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      • 3031 Matte
      • 3043 Satin
    • Clear
  • Osmo TopOil 3056

    TopOil

    $2.00$49.00
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      • 3025 Natural
      • 3026 Acacia
      • 3056 Clear
    • Clear
  • Osmo UV Protection Oil 410 Clear

    UV-Protection-Oil

    $2.00$155.00
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      • 410 Clear
      • 420 Clear Extra
      • 425 Oak Extra
      • 428 Cedar Extra
      • 429 Natural Extra
    • Clear
  • Osmo Polyx-Oil 3043

    Polyx®-Oil

    $2.00$650.00
    Select options
    Add to Wishlist
    Add to Wishlist
      • 3031 Matte
      • 3043 Satin
    • Clear
  • Osmo Wood Wax Finish

    Wood Wax Finish

    $2.00$194.00
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      • 3101 Clear
      • 3102 Lightly Steemed Beech
      • 3103 Light Oak
      • 3104 Red
      • 3105 Yellow
      • 3111 White
      • 3118 Granite Grey
      • 3119 Silk Grey
      • 3123 Pine
      • 3125 Blue
      • 3131 Green
      • 3132 Grey Beige
      • 3136 Birch
      • 3137 Cherry
      • 3138 Mahogany
      • 3143 Cognac
      • 3161 Ebony
      • 3164 Oak
      • 3166 Walnut
      • 3168 Oak Antique
      • 3169 Black
      • 3172 Silk
      • 3181 Pebble
      • 3186 White Matte
      • 3188 Snow
    • Clear
  • Osmo TopOil 3056

    TopOil

    $2.00$49.00
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      • 3025 Natural
      • 3026 Acacia
      • 3056 Clear
    • Clear
  • Osmo Oil Stain - Cognac

    Oil Stain

    $2.00$96.00
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      • 3501 White
      • 3512 Silver Grey
      • 3514 Graphite
      • 3516 Jatoba
      • 3518 Light Grey
      • 3519 Natural
      • 3541 Havanna
      • 3543 Cognac
      • 3564 Tabacco
      • 3590 Black
    • Clear
  • Decking-Oil

    $2.00$172.00
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      • 1272 Thermowood
      • 1273 Bangkirai Dark
      • 1274 Mahogany
      • 1275 Grey
      • 1276 Rosewood
      • 1277 Teak Clear
      • 1278 Bangkirai
    • Clear
  • Wood Wax Finish Clear Extra Thin

    $2.00$42.00
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    • Clear

ASSOCIATIONS

CERTIFICATIONS

Osmo Holz und Color is accredited according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 (quality management system) and DIN 14001 (environmental management system)

In compliance with demands of EURO NORM standard specifications EN 13 and EN 162

Copyright All Rights Reserved © 2018 Osmo Wood and Colour Canada Ltd. and Osmo Holz und Color GmbH & Co. KG. Technical modifications and delivery rights reserved. Measurements, prices and illustrations are subject to change. Although we check our marketing materials thoroughly, we cannot completely rule out the possibility of mistakes. The colour tones shown on the website and in catalogues are non-binding and samples are suggested. In the interest of product development and improvement we reserve the right to technically modify products.

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